General Fabric Terms(wholesale denim fabrics in CHINA)

1 Absorbency

The ability of a fabric to take in moisture. It is very important, which effects many other characteristics such as skin comfort, static build up, stain removal, water repellency, and wrinkle recovery

2 Face

The right side or the better-looking side of the fabric.

3 Felt

A non-woven fabric made from wool, hair, and sometimes in combination with certain man made fibers, where the fibers are locked in a process utilizing heat, moisture, and pressure to form a compact material

4 Hand

The way the fabric feels when it is touched

5 Mercerization

A process of treating a cotton yarn or fabric, in which the fabric or yarn immersed in a caustic soda solution and latter neutralized in acid. The process causes permanent swelling of the fiber, resulting in a increased luster on the surface of the fabric, an increased affinity for dyes and increased strength

6 Selvage or selvedge

The tin compressed edge of a fabric which runs parallel to the warp yarns and prevents raveling. It is usually woven utilizing tougher yarns and a tighter construction than the rest of the fabric.

7 Taffeta

A lustrous, medium weight, plain weave fabric with a slight ribbed appearance in the filling direction. For formal wear taffeta is a favorite choice. It provides a crisp hand, with lots of body. Silk taffeta gives ultimate rustle.

8 Voile

A crisp, light weight, plain weave cotton – like fabric, made with high twist yarns in a high yarn count construction. Normally treated with singing process, which is a process of removal of protruding fibers from the fabric surface.

9 Warp

Warp is the term used in woven fabrics to identify the yarns running lengthwise and is inter woven with weft yarns

10 Weft

Weft is the term used in woven fabrics to identify the yarns running perpendicular to the warp yarns.

11 Weave

Weave is the structure of the fabric or the way in which warp and weft are interlaced together to form a fabric.

12 Pilling

It is the physical process, which sometimes occur in the surface of a garment. Pills are some small knots or knots of mixture of large number of small fibers accumulated at the surface of the fabric and entangled by the mild frictional action during processing or wearing. They are soft but firmly held on the surface of the material.

Terms related with cotton fabrics.

13 Muslin

Muslin is a sheer to coarse plain woven cotton fabric. Muslin comes in "natural" color or is dyed

14 Diaper cloth

Diaper cloth is a twill or plain dobby or jacquard woven absorbent fabric.

15 Dimity

Is sheer, thin, white or printed fabric with lengthwise cords, stripes or checks

16 Drill

A strong twilled cotton fabric, used in men’s and women’s slacks.

17 Duck

A heavy, durable tightly woven fabric. Heavy weight drill is used in awnings, tents, etc. Lighter duck is used in summer clothing.

18 Flannel

Cotton is plain or twill weave with a slight nap on one or both sides.

19 Flannelette

A soft cotton fabric with a nap on one side.

20 Gauze

A sheer, lightly woven fabric similar to cheesecloth. Is also made in silk.

21 Gingham

A lightweight, washable, stout fabric that is woven in checks, plaids or stripes.

22 Lawn

A plain weave, soft, very light, combed cotton fabric with a crisp finish.

23 Muslin

A sheer to coarse plain woven cotton fabric. Muslin comes in "natural" color or is dyed.

24 Organdy

A very thin, transparent cotton with a crisp finish.

25 Outing flannel

A soft, twill or plain weave fabric napped on both sides. Used for baby clothes, diapers, and sleepwear.

26 Oxford

A shirting fabric with a lustrous, soft finish. It is characterized with narrow stripes and can be woven in plain or basket weave. Also a term used for wool fabric that has black and white fibers

27 Percale

A light weight, closely woven, sturdy fabric that can be found printed in dark colors.

28 Pima Cotton

from Egyptian cotton, is an excellent quality cotton fabric.

29 Polished Cotton

Is either satin weave cotton or a plain weave cotton that is finished chemically to appear shiny.

30 Poplin

A plain weave fabric with a cross-wise rib.

31 Sailcloth

A very strong, heavy canvas or duck made in plain weave.

32 Sateen

A satin weave cotton fabric.

33 Seersucker

A lightweight cotton fabric crinkled into lengthwise stripes.

34 Swiss

Sheer, very fine cotton that can be plain or decorated with dots or other designs.

35 Terry Cloth

A looped pile fabric that is woven or knitted, Very absorbent and used for towels etc. French terry cloth is looped on one side and sheared pile on the other.

36 Velveteen

An all cotton pile fabric with short pile resembling velvet.

37 Whipcord

A strong fabric with a diagonal round cords that can also be produced in wool.

Terms related with wool fabrics.

38 Beaver cloth

A heavy woolen over coating, napped and pressed down to resemble beaver fur. This fabric is also a plush fabric that is used for hats

39 Botany/Merino

A fine wool made from worsted wool yarn.

40 Broadcloth

An all woolen or worsted fabric with a velvety feel.

41 Challis

A light weight soft wool in plain weave, has a printed or woven design or flowers.

42 Cheviot

Usually Scotch wool is a soft, fine wool that is heavier than serge.

43 Chinchilla cloth

A heavy, spongy woolen overcoat fabric with a long nap that has been rubbed into a curly, nubby finish.

44 Donegal

Was originally a thick and warm homespun or tweed woven by Irish peasants in Donegal, Ireland. Donegal now describes the wool tweed that has colorful thick slubs woven into the fabric.

45 Felt

Fabric is a compact sheet of entangled, not woven wool, fur, sometimes cotton fibers. The felt is produced by processing a mat of fibers with moisture, heat, and pressure.

46 Flannel

Wool is a soft, lightweight fabric with a nap on one or both sides.

47 Gabardine

A tightly woven wool twill with a high sheen. This fabric is excellent for tailoring and wears well.

48 Glen checks

These usually seen in menswear and originated in Scotland. It is characterized by a variety of small, even check designs.

49 Harris Tweed

A hand woven fabric from Scotland with a soft feel.

50 Heather Mixture

Describes tweeds and homespun’s that have colors of heather and sand of the Scottish heather fields.

51 Herringbone wool

A woven in a twill that is reversed at regular spacing, creating a saw tooth

52 Homespun

A loose, strong, durable woolen woven either by hand or machine with a coarse feel.

53 Hounds tooth check

A four pointed star check in broken twill weave.

54 Jersey

A knit fabric that is usually knit in fine wool but can also be found in silk and man-made fibers.

55 Laine

French for "wool".

56 Lambs down

A heavy knit fabric that has a spongy fleeced nap on one side.

57 . Linsey-woolsey

A coarse fabric first made in Lindsey, England, of wool combined with flax or cotton.

58 Loden fabric

A thick, soft, waterproof, windproof, wool used in outerwear that has a characteristic green color.

59 Mackinaw fabric

A heavy double fabric in striking colored patterns.

60 Melton

A heavy, tick, short napped fabric without a finish press or gloss.

61 Merino wool

A soft and luxurious, resembling cashmere. This term is also used to describe the finest wool’s.

62 Oatmeal Cloth

A durable, soft wool with a pebbled face.

63 Panama Cloth

Plain woven worsted wool, sometimes resembling the texture of Panama hat.

64 Peter sham

A very thick, waterproof woolen coating, usually dark blue, is used for men’s trousers or heavy coats.

65 Pilot Cloth

A coarse, heavy, stout twilled woolen that is heavily napped and navy blue.Used by seamen

66 Poodle Cloth

A made with a boucle yarn and resembles the Poodle dog.

67 Rabbit Hair

Used in woven wool’s as a substitute for vicuna to give soft effect onfabric.

68 Sharkskin

Woven with warp and filling yarns of alternating white with black, brown, blue.

69 Tartan

A twilled plaid design, originally Scottish.

70 Tweed

A rough textured wool, originally homespun and slightly felted. This fabric is sturdy with a mottled color.

71 Virgin Wool

Is wool that has never been processed into fabric

Terms related with silk fabrics.

72 Brocade

A jacquard weave with an embossed effect and contrasting surfaces, Can also be woven with synthetic or man-made fibers.

73 Canton Crepe

A soft crepe woven fabric with small crosswise ribs Similar to crepe de chine but heavier

74 Charmeuse

A satin weave silk with a crepe back sometimes called crepe backed satin.

75 Chiffon

A transparent soft and light silk, also be woven of cotton or man-made fibers.

76 China silk

Is a plain weave silk of various weights. This silk is the "hand" or touch that many people identify as silk. There are various weights of China silk

from light, used for linings and many "washable silks" with the wrinkled look, to heavy for shirts and dresses.

77 Doupioni

Is reeled from double cocoons nested together. The threads are uneven and irregular. Italian Doupioni is the finest, followed by Chinese Doupioni and Indian Doupioni. Doupioni is also seen in man-made fibers such as polyester, acetate and referred to as Doupioni. Silk Doupioni is most often found in men’s and women’s fine suits and also dresses in lighter weight silk Doupioni.

78 Faille

Soft ribbed silk with wider ribs than seen in grosgrain ribbon slightly glossy.

79 Georgette

Sheer crepe silk, heavier than chiffon and with a crinkle surface

80 Matelasse

Raised woven designs, usually jacquard, with the appearance of puckered or quilted.

81 Noil

Is sportier in appearance and created by short fibers, often from the innermost part of the cocoon. Has the look of hopsack but much softer.

82 Organza

Similar to cotton organdy except it is made with silk and is transparent.

83 Peau-de-Soie

A stout, soft silk with fine cross ribs looks slightly corded also called Padua soy.

84 Pongee

A plain woven, thin, naturally tan fabric that has a rough effect.

85 Poult-de-siue

Is sometimes called faille taffeta. It has heavy cross ribs.

86 Silk Shantung

A Doupioni type of silk that comes from the Shantung Prov. of China

87 Silk Broadcloth

A plain weave silk in various weights; crisper than china silk, used for shirting

88 Silk linen

Has a nubby yarn in a plain weave. Weights range from light to heavy. It is different from Doupioni in that the nubby runs both lengthwise and

crosswise the look of linen with the characteristics of linen.

89 Silk satin

A satin weave with a plain back

90 Tussah silk

(Tussah means wild) a plain weave silk fabric from "wild" silk worms. It has irregular thick and thin yarns creating uneven surface and color. Wild silkworms feed on leaves other than mulberry leaves. Tussah silk is similar to shantung, with silk from the wild. Color is often uneven; usually referred to as "raw" silk.

Terms related with linen fabrics.

91 Butcher’s Linen

Is originally a heavy, sturdy linen fabric used for French butchers’ aprons. This type of heavy fabric was also used for interfacing

92 Damask

Jacquard weave, is a reversible rich weave, patterned in satin or plain weave

93 Venise

Is a very fine damask table linen consisting of large floral patterns.

Thanks and regards

Akhil JK


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